Diabetes is a disease in which your body does not make enough insulin or cannot use normal amounts of insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the amount of sugar in your blood. A high blood sugar level can cause problems in many parts of your body.
Diabetes may cause damage to nerves in your body. This can cause difficulty in emptying your bladder. The pressure resulting from your full bladder can back up and injure the kidneys. Also, if urine remains in your bladder for a long time, you can develop an infection from the rapid growth of bacteria in urine that has a high sugar level.
High levels of blood sugar make the kidneys work harder to do their job of filtering, which over time can damage them so that they start to leak small amounts of protein (albumin) into the urine. That’s why detecting albumin in a urine test means that the kidneys are damaged.
Not everyone with diabetes develops kidney disease. Factors that can influence kidney disease development include genetics, blood sugar control, and blood pressure.
The better a person keeps diabetes and blood pressure under control, the lower the chance of getting kidney disease.
The sooner you know you have kidney disease, the sooner you can make changes to protect your kidneys.